JSB Vol.1 No.1A

Journal of Spiritual Bodywork

 Vol. 1, No. 1                                             ISSN 1079-8390                                           December 1994

CHURCH FOR SPIRITUAL HEALING AND HEALTH

SPIRITUAL MASSAGE HEALING

Rev. Albert Schatz, Ph.D.

CONTENTS

Part A:
     Abstract
      About the author
      Our journey
      1. What has happened in science
      2. What is happening in bodywork
      3. "Let there be light"
      4. The Church for Spiritual Healing and Health
      5. Spiritual healing in the United Kingdom may include massage
      6. Spiritual massage healing is no substitute for medical treatment
      7. Secular massage therapy, spiritual massage healing and holistic massage
      8. Spiritual massage healing
      9. The spiritual massage healer's direction
      10. "Facilitating self-healing"
      11. Prayer and healing
      12. Love and healing
      13. "The rescue ... of our imperiled planet"
      14. Biblical antecedents of healing and spiritual massage healing
      15. The neglected role of women in the history of healing and massage
      16. Early concepts of health, healing and spiritual massage healing
      17. Contemporary healing and spiritual massage healing
      18. Comments on the spiritual nature of massage
      19. Curing versus healing
      20. Secular curing versus spiritual healing
      21. Science, consciousness, love and health
      22. Qualifications for healing and spiritual massage healing
      23. Two realities, two worlds
      24. Caveat emptor
      25. The importance of practice
      26. Spiritual massage healers cannot be certified
      27. Compensation for spiritual massage healers
      28. Spiritual massage healing is different from massage therapy, physical          
            therapy and medicine
      29. Activities of the Church for Spiritual Healing and Health
      30. The Constitution of the United States separates church and state
      31. The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania separates
            church and state
      32. The Constitution of Delaware separates church and state
      33. The Constitution of Connecticut separates church and state
      34.  Court decisions on separation of church and state
      35. The United Nations International Bill of Human Rights guarantees
             religious freedom

Part B:


      Bibliography
      Appendix A: The Harry Edwards Spiritual Healing Sanctuary in Great Britain
      Appendix B: The National Federation of Spiritual Healers in the United Kingdom
         Definition of spiritual healing
         Medical policy and ethics
         Insurance
         Legal restrictions
      Appendix C: Some secular health care modalities involve education, not medical
                  treatment
      Appendix D: Qualifications of practitioners of secular health care modalities which
                  involve education, not medical treatment.
      Appendix E: Facilitating self-healing
      Appendix F: Edgar Cayce, the "sleeping prophet"

Part A

Abstract

Spiritual massage healing is a form of divinely inspired and divinely guided religious healing. It consists of prayer, love, anointing with oil and movements derived from the laying on of hands. It is the practice of one's religious faith and conscience. It is a mode of worship. The spiritual massage practitioner is a religious healer. Prayer is an integral part of spiritual massage healing. It provides the healer with guidance. Without prayer, there is no spiritual massage healing.

Karen Carlson and Albert Schatz introduced four major advances in Swedish Massage and western bodywork: the recognition of the spiritual nature of massage, the integration of massage and spiritual healing,  the subtle energy component of massage, and the integration of massage and nature through co-creative science. Carlson and Schatz were the first to expand body, mind and spirit to body, mind, spirit and nature.

State massage laws define massage as a secular modality which consists of manipulations of the soft tissues of the body. Secular massage is concerned only with the material body. It is not concerned with body, mind and spirit. Nor is it concerned with the subtle energy of the human body. State law definitions of massage do not refer to spiritual aspects of massage, prayer, love, the spirit or soul of the practitioner and client, and spiritual massage healing.

The state can neither define nor regulate spiritual massage healing because of the well-established separation of church and state. This separation is clearly stated in the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States and in the constitutions of Pennsylvania, Delaware, Connecticut and other states; and has been upheld by court decisions. It would therefore be unconstitutional interference with the practice of one's religion for the state to require spiritual massage healers to comply with state credentialing requirements that apply to secular massage therapists.

To avoid misunderstanding about the separation of church and state in Pennsylvania, I wrote the Attorney General of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (on November 19, 1993) that "I would like to know how the Commonwealth … defines the two terms religion and church. In other words, what legally constitutes a religion and what constitutes a church in terms of Pennsylvania law?" A reply from a Deputy Attorney General (December 21, 1993) reads as follows: "I do not know of any 'definitions' per se which the Commonwealth establishes for the terms 'religion' or 'church'. The Commonwealth does not determine whether a church is 'legally accepted'. Such a concept does not comport with the constitutional separation of church and state."

 About the author

Albert Schatz, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus at Temple University, has for some ten years "bridged two worlds - the physical and the metaphysical."1

Spiritual. Dr. Schatz has been an ordained minister since 1981, a spiritual healer, and a member of the International Fellowship of Healing of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers. He is also an Observer and Friend of The Healing Minute, which was "inaugurated by the Harry Edwards Spiritual Healing Sanctuary" in England "in May, 1954. [It] has its origin in the 'Big Ben Silent Minute' introduced during the Second World War by Sir Winston Churchill at the time of the evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940.

"At 10:00 p.m. every night, tens of thousands of people of goodwill all over the world link up in prayerful thought for God's healing influence to reach all who are sick in body or mind, and for Divine Guidance to be with the leaders of all nations for the coming of world understanding and peace."

Dr. Schatz is a Therapeutic Touch practitioner, has given workshops in Therapeutic Touch for six years, and is a member of the Nurse Healers Professional Associates. This organization is primarily concerned with Therapeutic Touch.  Some individuals who do Therapeutic Touch have experienced feelings of "oneness with God" and being "an instrument of God". Therapeutic Touch "is derived from, but not the same as the laying on of hands". (Krieger)2

Bodywork. Dr.  Schatz has eleven years of research and teaching experience in Scientific Swedish Massage. He has been the Scientific Advisor to and an Associate Instructor at The International Academy of Massage Science (IAMS). He has hands-on experience with Feldenkrais, Tragerwork and CranioSacral Therapy workshops; and is a member of the Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals. His writing has appeared in Massage magazine, Massage & Bodywork Quarterly , Massage Therapy Journal, Massage Message published by the Florida State Massage Therapy Association, and the IAMS Holistic Massage newsletter and magazine,

Academic and scientific. Dr. Albert Schatz did his undergraduate and graduate work in the College of Agriculture at Rutgers University. His undergraduate major was Soil Science. For his Ph.D., he majored in Soil Microbiology and minored in Biochemistry.

As a 23-year-old graduate student, Dr. Schatz discovered the antibiotic streptomycin which was the first effective means of treating tuberculosis. This disease, also known as The Great White Plague,  has killed more than a billion people during the last two centuries. For that research, Dr. Schatz was awarded the Rutgers University Medal. The citation which accompanied the medal states that "Your great discovery was made possible, in part, by your courageous use of virulent pathogenic cultures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis  in your bioassay procedures. The worldwide impact of this discovery is now part of medical history."

He received the Selman A. Waksman Honorary Lectureship Award from the Theobald Smith Society - the New Jersey Branch of the American Society for Microbiology. The  Society for Industrial Microbiology  honored him for the discovery of streptomycin. He has been awarded other medals and honorary degrees, and was named an honorary member of scientific, medical and dental societies in Europe, Latin America and the United States. Frank Ryan, M.D.,  commented on Dr. Schatz's contribution as follows:

So, calmly and methodically, Albert Schatz, barely twenty-three years old, now performed an experiment that would ultimately prove one of the most important in the history of medicine. He tested streptomycin against tuberculosis. — from Ryan's book The Forgotten Plague. How the Battle Against Tuberculosis was Won — and Lost  (1993) 

Dr. Schatz initiated the research which led to the discovery of nystatin, an important antibiotic which controls serious fungus and yeast infections. He has published three books and more than 700 articles. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi.

Dr.  Schatz  and his family lived in Chile for three years (1962-1965). During that time, he was a professor at the University of Chile — in the Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Faculty of Agronomy, Faculty of Odontology and Faculty of Philosophy and Education. As a member of the Rector's Advisory Staff at the University of Chile, he helped reorganize research and science education in that country. He was also associated with projects at the Chilean Ministries of Health, Agronomy, and Education; the University of Conception; Catholic University; UNESCO; and the Food and Agriculture Organization. In November, 1965, the University of Chile awarded him an Honorary Degree for his contributions to that country. He has honorary degrees from four other American universities.

Dr. Schatz has been doing research in many areas for more than half a century.  His present interests are: (1) multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis, AIDS and what are called new and remerging diseases, (2) the increasingly serious devastation of nature, (3) the social responsibility of science  and (4) the role of co-creative science in the survival of man.

Dr. Schatz has been invited to lecture in the U.S., Canada, England, Germany, Sweden, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, Mexico, Columbia, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic.

Our journey

"What we begin to recognize as we journey fearlessly around each twist and turn of life is that there is a great beauty to be found in the process itself. It is not the goal but the process that makes the journey heroic… The individual's journey to wholeness is a sacred one. Fortunately, we live in a time when the sacred journey is open to all of us. The times when spiritual knowledge was held away from the masses by a priestly class and their henchmen have come and gone. The cat has gotten out of the bag…

"Forget all the affirmations. Forget the tapes, the books, the technology of the "new age." It's all hocus pocus, you don't need any of it… We don't need more leaders and followers. All we need to do is follow our own guidance and encourage others to follow theirs. That is the emerging spirituality. It grants freedom and encourages responsibility. In it community happens spontaneously and on its own terms.                                                  

"All you need is one thing: the willingness to he honest with yourself, with others and with God. That's all you need… Nothing separates us from God except the concepts in our own minds. Our job is to dissolve those concepts and be willing to receive the miracles that are right in front of us… It is not the outer events in our lives which are miraculous. It is the inner event: the opening of our hearts to one another and to God". - Paul Ferrini (Myths, mysteries and miracles. Miracles Magazine. No. 8.  pp.4-5. 1994)

1. What has happened in science

It is important to understand what has happened in science in order to understand what is happening in bodywork. In science, the need "to explore the frontiers of knowledge" resulted in  the establishment of the Society for Scientific Exploration and its Journal of Scientific Exploration.

"The primary goal of the international Society for Scientific Exploration is to provide a forum for presentations, criticism, and debate concerning topics which are for various reasons ignored or studied inadequately within mainstream science. A secondary goal is to promote improved understanding of those factors that unnecessarily limit the scope of scientific inquiry, such as sociological constraints, restrictive world views, hidden theoretical assumptions, and the temptation to convert prevailing theory into prevailing dogma.

The Journal of Scientific Exploration  recognizes that "As science has developed, it has become increasingly compartmentalized. This may make the operation of each discipline more efficient, but we run the risk that the profession may not be responding to challenges that do not fit neatly into the matrix of present-day science. The international Journal of Scientific Exploration  was established to provide a professional forum for the presentation, scrutiny and criticism of scientific research on topics outside the established  disciplines of science."

There is also a new multi-disciplinary Journal of Consciousness Studies which is concerned with  "controversies in science and the humanities". The Journal of Consciousness Studies  is needed because "Western culture seems to have reached a crisis point, and may be on the verge of significant changes. Many of its central tendencies, such as rationalism, absolutism, reductionism and the construction of grand unified theories are under attack.

"At the heart of this movement is the question of consciousness. As the new sciences of cognition and neurophysiology begin to solidify their findings, they are fueling discussions about the nature of mind which extend across may areas of knowledge. Is consciousness merely an epiphenomenon, the ground from which everything else arises, as the spiritual traditions have always believed?

The Journal of Consciousness Studies "will present some of the more exciting voices in this debate to the non-specialist audience, without diluting their content. We do not pre-judge where the discussion will lead, and would like to see all serious positions represented."

2. What is happening in bodywork

What is happening in massage is comparable to what has been happening in science.  There are two different categories  of massage - secular and spiritual. Many  organizations and periodicals are concerned with secular massage. But there is no organization or periodical that focuses on spiritual massage healing. 

Although spiritual healing is being increasingly accepted,3 spiritual massage healing which evolved from the laying on of hands  has received little attention. The lack of serious interest in spiritual massage healing limits adequate consideration of Alternate Realities [in] The Search for the Full Human Being [in order to] Open … to all Life's Possibilities.4

The importance of Alternate Realities was one motivation to establish the Church for Spiritual Healing and Health and the Journal of Spiritual Bodywork. The Church may be viewed as comparable to the Society for Scientific Exploration.  The Journal of Spiritual Bodywork  may be viewed as comparable to the Journal for Scientific Exploration  and the Journal of Consciousness Studies.  

The Journal of Spiritual Bodywork  "was established to provide a professional forum for the presentation, scrutiny and criticism of scientific research on topics outside the established disciplines of" bodywork. These topics include spiritual massage healing, other spiritual healing modalities, consciousness, intent, subtle energy, prayer, love and space-time. This first issue of the Journal of Spiritual Bodywork  is devoted to spiritual massage healing. 

The motivation to establish a Church for Spiritual Healing and Health evolved during the ten years of teaching and research that followed Carlson and Schatz's  recognition of the spiritual nature of massage  in 1984.1 During that decade, the primary motivation of many applicants for Carlson's Professional Course in Scientific Swedish Massage and Holistic Health  was their desire to help people regain and maintain good health. Some applicants used the  word spiritual  to describe their motivation, and had an interest in healing. Several said they felt "guided" to Carlson's course. (In private discussions with Schatz, a surprising number of  massage professionals said they felt a spiritual calling to do bodywork.)

Carlson's Professional Course in Scientific Swedish Massage and Holistic Health  was the first course which introduced students to (a) the implications of  quantum physics for Swedish Massage, (b) the use of L-rods to demonstrate that massage increases an individual's energy field, (c) the understanding that the benefits of massage are associated with an increase in the client's energy field, (d) the importance of energy field interactions between massage practitioners and their clients, and (e) the unique way in which Therapeutic Touch advantageously interfaces with Swedish Massage and other bodywork modalities.5,6 Carlson and Schatz reported the evolution of their paradigm, which influenced the evolution of Carlson's course,  in their Holistic Massage newsletters1,7,8 and in Holistic Massage magazine.5

1984 is the year in which the spiritual aspects of the healing arts became widely accepted. In 1984, Carlson and Schatz recognized the spiritual nature of massage . They used this term to describe a new paradigm of massage which was unique because it integrated Scientific Swedish Massage and Harry Edwards' spiritual healing.9  Harry Edwards established The National Federation of Spiritual Healers in England. The Harry Edwards Spiritual Healing Sanctuary was named after him. (Appendix A provides information  about this Sanctuary.)

1984. The American Theosophist published a Special Issue entitled Spiritual Aspects of the Healing Arts.

1985. The articles in this Special Issue were published, with additional articles, in a book with the same title -  The Spiritual Aspects of the Healing Arts.2 This book discusses touch briefly as "an extension of our emotions and thoughts," but it does not refer to massage.

1986. The importance of Carlson's contributions was recognized when she was invited to the 31st Congress of Naturopathy in Paris. She was named a member of the Committee of Honor of that Congress, and invited to report her research on the subtle energy component of massage. European masseurs considered her research to be the first major advance in Swedish Massage since Pehr Henrik Ling. The Académie Internationale d'Humanisme Biologique in France awarded her the Hypocrites Prize, Le Grand Prix d'Académie, with a silver plaque.5,6,10

1990. Carlson and Schatz had expanded their paradigm to include other kinds of  spiritual healing, Therapeutic Touch, subtle energy interactions, certain aspects of quantum physics and co-creative science developed at Perelandra.8 Carlson and Schatz were therefore the first to expand body, mind and spirit to body, mind, spirit and nature. Their work with co-creative science, which is qualitatively different than what they did with spiritual healing and subtle energy, will be discussed elsewhere. 

By 1990, Carlson and Schatz had introduced four major advances in Swedish Massage - the recognition of the spiritual nature of massage, the integration of massage and spiritual healing,  the subtle energy component of massage, and the integration of massage and nature through co-creative science.

1994. "In … January … a group of Maryland touch therapists who are ministers, nuns and church-related persons talked about some of the ways they and their clients are changing." They discussed "going beyond forms … the limits of the law [and] taking risks". One individual commented that "I'm experimenting and people are saying they feel electricity, and that my hands are hot. I'm convinced there's so much more healing through bodywork than we can imagine. There are so many possibilities. I am simply praising, and being supported in my faith. I believe I'm channeling love toward others." Another comment was that "Law is especially prevalent in religious life. Instead of presenting a desired outcome, something lifegiving and creative, the authorities have to have law. Law tells  you what not to do. It doesn't tell you how to love."11

1994. In November, the Common Boundary Conference, attended by "some 2,000 pilgrims from the realms of psychology, spirituality and creativity … set an exalted tone for their three-day celebration of the body-mind-spirit continuum.… A massage school student with a background in dance said the conference encapsulated his 'calling' as  a spiritual movement artist. 

"Andrew Harvey. 'a disciple of the divine mother, beyond all names and forms' gave the second keynote address... He pointed out that enlightenment has been seen as escaping from the harshness of earthly life, but that in reality 'there is no escape from being in this body and in this world.' He noted the words of Jesus at the last supper, 'This is my body.'   He believes we are entering an era of passionate enlightenment, human, fleshly. The new era is characterized by a passion for God, for creation, for all sentient beings, for consecrated sexuality, and for service. He predicts that we will either transform ourselves and our planet or we will die off as a race."12

1995. The Medical Mission Sisters at the Center for Human Integration in Philadelphia, is offering a  Basic Massage  course with the subtitle Body and Spirit Integrated Consciously  in Winter/Spring, 1995. This  integration is what Carlson and Schatz reported in 1984.1

3. "Let there be light"

The health of the people is really the foundation upon which all their happiness and all their powers as a State depend. - Benjamin Disraeli

Healing of the human body might be  called a growth in consciousness, a new awareness of the Divine within one's being.13    

Spiritual healing is divine healing; that is, it comes from God.... God is the .Center from which all healing flows... The healer does not heal. He is the attuned instrument being used… The healing power comes through  us  ... it is not of us. 9

Spiritual massage healing is a form of divinely inspired and divinely guided religious healing. It consists of prayer, love, anointing with oil and movements derived from the laying on of hands. It is the practice of one's religious faith and conscience. It is a mode of worship, The spiritual massage practitioner is a religious healer. Prayer is an integral part of spiritual massage healing. It provides the healer with guidance. Without prayer, there is no spiritual massage healing.

4. The Church for Spiritual Healing and Health

This Church is ecumenical with respect to both religion and the scope of its interests. These interests include:

(a)  the origin, history, philosophy, practice and benefits of spiritual healing, spiritual massage healing, and other spiritual modalities which help regain and maintain good health.

(b)  consciousness, prayer, and subtle energies such as love, intent and  motivation.

(c)  dowsing for health; that is, Spiritual Dowsing14 with The Divining Mind12 and The Divining Hand16 using the divining rod.

(d)  how science and religion interface.

(e)"promoting research into methods and effects of spiritual healing with a view to increasing it efficacy." This is also an interest of the  National Federation of Spiritual Healers.17

The Church for Spiritual Healing and Health does not certify or otherwise qualify spiritual healers, including spiritual massage healers. It does not evaluate the education, knowledge and experience of spiritual healers. It does not endorse or otherwise approve any prayer, way of praying, spiritual source of information, or healing modality. Nor does it accredit any school, training program or workshop.

The Church does not attempt to motivate any individual to do spiritual healing, including spiritual massage healing. The Church looks upon spiritual healing, including spiritual massage healing, as a calling comparable to the calling for ordination. Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you. - John 15:16  Each individual must decide for herself whether she has been chosen to do spiritual healing; and, if so, how to do it. Each individual is personally responsible for these decisions, and for the spiritual practices which her religious conscience motivates.

The Church for Spiritual Healing and Health is therefore not responsible for what healers do and for the consequences of what they do. The Church advises all spiritual healers, including spiritual massage healers, to have adequate insurance, as Healer Members of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers are required to have.

Use of terms and italics. Religious  usually refers to major religions. Spiritual  may refer to major religions as well as other kinds of faiths. We use the terms religious  and spiritual  interchangeably. The terms spirit   and soul   are also used interchangeably.

Spiritual healing  includes spirit healing, a term widely used in Great Britain.18

Massage refers to a specific sequence of manipulations such as Swedish Massage, and to other kinds of bodywork manipulations, movements and non-specific rubbing. Spiritual massage healing  refers to massage and to other movements, manipulations and non-specific rubbing.   

Prayer  refers to praying in the usual way, silently or aloud, usually to ask for something. Prayer  may also express intent in different ways. The laying on of hands  may be a form of prayer.13

I have italicized certain words, phrases, and sentences for emphasis. In some cases, the italics were not used by the authors who are quoted.

5. Spiritual healing in the United Kingdom

 may include massage

 "Healing by the laying on of hands or mental intent of a healer is a frontier topic now coming of age in our culture... Physicians in the United Kingdom are increasingly relaxed about referring [their patients] to healers... Healers and other complementary therapies do not threaten their livelihood, and in fact lighten their clinical load."3

"Healers ... in the mid-1970s ... obtained approval to treat patients in the 1,500 governmental hospitals. Healers have insurance policies costing less than £2 per year, providing roughly the same coverage as physicians' policies which cost over £1000 per year.  A number of physicians in private practice in the United Kingdom and the U.S. are either referring patients to healers or are themselves giving healing."3

Gentle massage may be included as part of spiritual healing by Healer Members of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers.19 When they choose to incorporate gentle massage in their spiritual healing, they are doing spiritual massage healing. The Federation's definition of spiritual healing, medical policy and ethics, insurance, and legal restrictions on spiritual healing are presented in Appendix B.

 6. Spiritual massage healing is no substitute

for medical treatment

The Church for Spiritual Healing and Health recognizes, as the National Federation of Spiritual Healers does, that "The power to heal the sick is given in many diverse ways and no profession has a monopoly of it. Spiritual healers cannot and do not seek to take the place of qualified medical practitioners, but recognize that each has a part to play in the attack on disease and the alleviation of human suffering, and should at all time seek co-operation and friendly relations with medical practitioners and others engaged in this task."17

Harry Edwards wrote that the spiritual healer does not diagnose and treat. "It is worth repeating that the responsibility of diagnosing is not that of the healer; it is that of the spirit doctor. This is so simply because the healer's mind does not possess the knowledge to heal... The healer, therefore, has to be content with establishing a condition of attunement with the patient and the healing guide, passing on known information of the symptoms and simply allowing himself to be used with understanding."9

Spiritual massage healing "is not a form of medical treatment or a substitute for medical treatment".  Carlson and Schatz pointed that out for Holistic Massage practitioners in 1984.1  Spiritual massage healers differentiate between (a) health education which is teaching people about health, and (b) medical advice, diagnosis and treatment. Spiritual massage healers should advise clients who request medical advice, diagnosis or treatment to consult medical doctors, osteopaths, chiropractors and other health care professionals.

All healers should be aware of legal restrictions, some of which are pointed out in Appendix B. There are, however, other limitations. Some people may not want to be healed; or, if they do, they may not want to be healed by spiritual means. Their feelings and needs should be respected. Healers should ask guidance, by prayer or other means from their higher sources of information, if people request healings for infants, individuals who may be comatose, or others who for one reason or another do not request healings themselves.

7. Secular massage therapy, spiritual massage

healing and holistic massage   

There are two distinctly different categories of massage - secular and spiritual.  Secular massage is massage therapy and nontherapeutic massage. Spiritual massage is spiritual massage healing.

Secular massage includes:

(a) symptom-directed, medically-oriented massage therapy administered by massage therapists.

(b) non-therapeutic massage, which induces relaxation to reduce stress.

It is administered by massage practitioners.

Spiritual massage healing includes prayer, love, anointing with oil  and movements derived from the biblical laying on of hands.

Holistic massage.  There are two kinds of holistic massage - secular and spiritual. Both involve the client's body, mind and spirit. But they differ in the source of the practitioner's knowledge of what to do and how to do it. For secular holistic massage, the source is worldly information. For spiritual holistic massage, the knowledge is obtained through prayer. The only spiritual component in secular holistic massage is the spirit (of body, mind and spirit) of the client.

Secular massage is orthodox massage. Holistic massage and spiritual massage healing are alternative massage modalities.  This categorization is comparable to orthodox medicine and alternative health care modalities. Maitland provides convincing evidence that massage and other forms of bodywork are secular.20 "When we ask the question" he wrote, " 'What's in a name? ' the answer is clear: what's in a name is what we are… Whether we realize it or not, we are joined together as brothers and sisters in this somatic revolution… We are a diverse and creative family of somatic practitioners." The terms soma and somatic,21 refer to movement of the physical body, not spirit. The soma is therefore secular. Although Maitland comments on body, mind and spirit and the whole person, his concepts of massage and bodywork are secular.

Maitland also separates massage from "off-body" energies. "Since massage is a practice that involves actual touching the body", he wrote, "it cannot include off-body energetic practices."  However, we have found that massage increases the energy field of the body, and Therapeutic Touch (which works on the energy field at a distance from the body) affects the material body. This means that there is a reciprocal relationship between the material body and its energy field.22  The two are intimately interrelated. One is therefore working on the whole body whether one massages the body or its energy field. The separation of the material body and its energy field is comparable to  Descartes separation of  body and mind. 

In secular massage, knowledge of what to do comes from secular sources. Massage therapy, like physical therapy and medicine, are secular modalities which provide symptom-directed medical treatment. Massage therapy, nontherapeutic massage and secular holistic massage all manipulate the whole body. But the objectives are different. Massage therapy is focused on a particular part of the body and/or a specific ailment. The objective is to cure by eliminating symptoms. Nontherapeutic massage focuses on reducing stress by inducing a state of relaxation. Holistic massage (secular and spiritual) focuses on healing the whole person. In massage therapy and nontherapeutic massage, the client is the passive recipient of a sequence of manipulations.

"Conservatively [speaking], 90% of the [massage] industry does not practice 'medical' massage."23 The majority does what the Pennsylvania Physical Therapy Act calls nontherapeutic massage which is concerned primarily with stress reduction. This is important because stress causes or is otherwise associated with an estimated 50 to 80% of all health problems.

State massage laws define massage in terms of manipulations of the soft tissues of the body. That massage involves only the material body. It is not concerned with body, mind and spirit. The state massage law definitions of massage do not include spiritual aspects of massage. These are prayer, love, and the spirit or soul of the practitioner and client. Nor do those definitions refer to the subtle energy of the human body, which is influenced by massage.22 Some health problems manifest themselves as anomalies in the individual's energy field - the energy body - before they appear in the material body where they are diagnosed.24

It is possible that human emanations exist that are still unknown to us. Do you remember how electrical currents and 'unseen waves' were laughed at? The knowledge about man is till in its infancy. - Albert Einstein

 8. Spiritual massage healing

Spiritual massage healing is a form of divinely inspired and divinely guided religious healing. It consists of prayer, love, anointing with oil and movements derived from the laying on of hands.  It is the practice of one's religious faith and conscience. It is a mode of worship. The spiritual massage practitioner is a religious healer.  Prayer is an integral part of spiritual massage healing. It provides  the healer with guidance. Without prayer, there is no spiritual massage healing.

Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. (Matthew 7:7 and Luke 11:9)

Everyone prays in their own language, and there is no language that God does not understand. - Duke Ellington

And it shall come to pass that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.  (Isaiah 65:24)

Carlson and Schatz 's original spiritual massage healing1 was a simple prototype. However, different kinds of massage and other manipulations can be integrated with different kinds of spiritual healing. The spiritual massage healer may use movements which she developed herself or learned from other bodyworkers, books, manuals, and video cassettes; in school and workshops, and in other ways. Consequently, there are now many different forms of spiritual massage healing. It encompasses a wide variety of movements  and different kinds of spiritual healing.

Every spiritual massage healing is unique. Just as there is no one correct procedure for spiritual healing, so there is no one correct procedure for spiritual massage healing. Nobody can teach an individual the correct way to do spiritual healing or spiritual massage healing. If that were possible, there would be no need for prayer. One would simply read a book and follow directions, like painting by numbers or assembling IKEA furniture.

The term massage  is used in spiritual massage healing  because some of the movements that a spiritual massage healer does may resemble secular massage manipulations or the manipulations of other secular modalities that move or lightly touch soft tissue. However, there is an important difference. Secular massage is a standardized procedure with a definite sequence of specific manipulations.  There is no definite sequence of manipulations that is routinely followed in spiritual massage healing, as there is in massage therapy.

Some of our health problems may have a spiritual component.  According to L. J. Bendit, "It was C. G. Jung who first put forward directly the principal that all our problems  -  all dis-eases -  are the result of maladjustment to our spiritual being. Each of us, for the most part as yet only in the spiritual superconsciousness, knows the path we should tread. If we feel disease, it is because somewhere we are going astray."2 "Being more spiritual ... does make one healthier... But there is no automatic association between spiritual attunement and perfect health and longevity."25  One has to work at it.

The soul in health and healing. For the pre-Christian Therapeutae and for Pythagoras, healing involved the soul as well as the body. Pythagoras, who ... associated healing with the soul, believed "that the most divine art was that of healing. And if the healing art is most divine, it must occupy itself with the soul as well as with the body, for no creature can be sound as long as the highest part of it is sickly." (Appolonius of Tyana)2  Larry Dossey's book, Recovering the Soul. A Spiritual and Scientific Search, discusses the importance of the soul in health and healing.25

Spiritual massage healing involves the soul in different ways.

(a) The healer's soul is the bridge which connects the healer, through prayer, with a divine source of knowledge that provides guidance. 

(b) The soul of the healer and the soul of the client are connected with one another.

(c) The client's spirit (soul) is involved in the process of self-healing.

(d) The client's and the spiritual massage healer's souls are connected with the "world soul". 25

An important difference between secular massage therapy and spiritual massage healing is the source of knowledge of what to do. In spiritual massage healing, prayer connects the healer with a divine source of guidance; e.g., whether to do laying on of hands; and, if so, how, when, where and for how long. This is why prayer before, during and/or after the laying on of hands, is an integral and indispensable component of every spiritual massage healing.  Although the laying on of hands is itself a form of prayer,13 prayer also facilitates healing independently of massage.26

In spiritual massage healing, the client benefits from anointing with oil, the laying on of hands, prayer and the love of the spiritual massage healer. The spiritual massage healer may do laying on of hands on one or more parts of the client's material body, and may also work on the client's energy field.  Because of the nature of the subtle energy that is involved in massage,22 we shall discuss later how the spiritual massage healer benefits not only her clients, but the entire universe.

Spiritual massage healing differs from secular massage therapy in other important respects. The motivation and intent of a spiritual massage healer is a spiritual desire to help one's fellow men and women regain and maintain health. The objective of spiritual massage healing is to "facilitate self-healing" because the body heals itself.8 In Harry Edward's spiritual healing, "The healer does not heal. He is the attuned instrument... Spiritual healing is divine healing ...it comes from God.... God is the Center from which all healing flows"9 Spiritual massage healing and other forms of healing involve "God and man as cocreator".25

 9. The spiritual massage healer's direction

The direction  a spiritual massage healer receives may come from different sources and in different ways. It may come from or be otherwise associated with God; the Source of all Life (Aunty Margaret),27,28 the universal sources of intelligence (Cayce),29 a universal power or force that has order as its basis (Kunz),8 spirits such as spirit doctors (Edwards)9 or spirit guides (Siegel),2 guided intuition (del Bueno),30 the Self-existent (the Therapeutae)31  prayer,26 hook-up with a surrounding force (Trager)30 centering in Therapeutic Touch30 a state of attunement (Edwards),9 the superconscious or soul-mind (Cayce),29 the minds of people who are alive or "have gone on before" (Cayce),29 "NATURE or the Divine force" (Cayce, quoted by McGarey),13 etc.

Direction for the spiritual massage healer may come consciously, unconsciously, superconsciously, intuitively, instinctively, naturally, clairvoyantly, telepathically (Graham).29

10. Facilitating self-healing

Karen Carlson introduced the concept facilitator of self-healing  in 1990. "The terms 'healer' and 'spiritual healer' which are widely used, imply that one person; i.e., the healer, actually heals someone else. However ... it is the body which heals itself.  The International Academy of Massage Science (IAMS) therefore prefers the term facilitator  of self-healing  in lieu of healer. Also, the IAMS concept of healing is self-healing. .. A facilitator of self-healing   does not diagnose and treat in a medical sense."8

Spiritual massage healing and holistic massage (secular and spiritual) are different from massage therapy in terms of their objective. The former are concerned with healing rather than curing. The objective of massage therapy is to cure by eliminating symptoms. Spiritual massage and holistic massage (secular and spiritual) both help heal the whole person by facilitating self-healing.

The whole person  means that body, mind and spirit are all involved. Body, mind and spirit are much more than the soft tissues of the body with which massage therapists work. Self-healing  means that the individual is actively engaged in the healing process. By being actively engaged in the healing process, each client assumes responsibility for the outcome. This is very different from being a passive recipient of manipulations by a massage therapist.

Differences between curing and healing are  discussed in the sections 19. Curing versus healing  and 20. Secular curing versus spiritual healing.

Spiritual massage is an important healing modality because it satisfies "the spiritual nature and needs of people". These "needs ... are virtually ignored in our health care system... The focus of [that] system is the curing of disease, rather than the healing of the whole person."2

11. Prayer and healing

"Pray as you can, not as you can't."  -  Dom Chapman  

The laying on of hands is a form of prayer.  According to Dr. William A. McGarey, Director of the Edgar Cayce Foundation Medical Research Division, "The cultivation of spiritual insights is the activity that goes on unconsciously as one prays or as one meditates. Prayer need not be of the silent or the verbal type. It may be an action, such as the laying on of hands, the process that passes energy on to another individual, which brings about some degree of healing."13

"One of the best-kept secrets in medical science is the extensive experimental evidence for" healing by prayer... "Medical journals have generally refused, until recently, to publish studies on healing." In the area of healing, prayer does give positive results. There are two kinds of prayers. "Practitioners of directed prayer have a specific goal, image, or outcome in mind. They are 'directing' the system, attempting to steer it in a precise direction… Nondirected prayer, in contrast, is an open-minded approach in which no specific outcome is held in the mind. In nondirected prayer the practitioner does not attempt to 'tell the universe what to do.'… When a nondirected prayer is answered, the outcome is always in the direction of 'what's best for the organism.'"26

"Most healers … do their work ... in an altered state of consciousness that is very similar to meditation or prayer. In this state they see themselves and the patient as one, as the subject-object bridge is completely overcome. As Edgar Jackson, a famous psychic healer put it, 'Prayer as a specialized state of consciousness moves beyond the usual consideration of real and unreal, conscious or unconscious, organic or inorganic, subjective or objective to a place where [the healer] is dealing with the totality of being at one and the same time in a way that produces sensitivity to the whole.'

"This is a striking description of an embracing unity between the healer and the patient. Separateness takes a back seat and oneness comes to the fore in this mode of experience. Individuality and ego are simply not a part of the healer's repertoire, in sharp contrast to many of the TV evangelist-healers who virtually drip with 'personality', 'power,' and 'presence'."25

The Code of Conduct of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers requires that "Healers must heal only in a conscious state of attunement." 19 Attunement is a state in which one's spirit mind is connected with the spirit realm.9 In a state of attunement, an individual experiences a feeling of oneness  with the spirit realm. During a spiritual healing, which includes spiritual massage healing, the healer also experiences a feeling of oneness  with her client.

However, attunement is not prayer. "We do not pray to the spirit people... We attune to Spirit' for healing; that is, to "spirit healing doctors" who "are God's angels or ministers... It is they who, in His name, use their wisdom and the forces at their command to heal the sick."9

12. Love and healing

Love  is an indispensable component of spiritual massage healing. Paracelsus (1493-1541) believed that "The main reason for healing is love."  Aunty Margaret Machado teaches that "Hawaiian lomilomi [massage] is a loving touch. Love that body [you work on] as if it were your own."27,28 "If scientists discovered a drug that was as powerful as love in creating health, it would be heralded as a medical breakthrough and marketed overnight - especially if it had as few side effects and was as inexpensive as love... The power of love to change bodies is legendary, built into folklore, common sense, and everyday experience... Throughout history, 'tender, loving care' has uniformly been recognized as a valuable element in healing."26

"The secret to patient care is caring for the patient. Modern medicine, because it has tried to function completely objectively, has become care-less. As a consequence, the power to heal has atrophied. Without the catalyst of love and caring, medicine becomes a mere manipulation of tissue, an orchestration of chemistry…  Love for the patient is … yearning to help him or her be whole, to be One. Without this love healing simply does not occur."25

 Several people have associated love with healing.25 For example,  Agnes Stanford wrote, "Only love can generate the healing fire." Olga and Ambrose Worral said, "We must care. We must care for others deeply and urgently, wholly and immediately; our minds, our spirits must reach out to them."  According to "Stewart Grayson, a serious healer from the First Church of Religious Science, 'The feeling is the fuel behind the healing... If this understanding [of healing] is just mental it is empty and sterile.'" Sanford felt that "When we pray in accordance with the law of love, we pray in accordance with the will of God."

"We are not speaking her about love as an emotion. Rather, this greater love is more akin to a deep, inner desire to reestablish completeness in the patient, the loss of which has expressed itself in the form of the illness. Love for the patient is this yearning to help him or her be whole, to be One. Without this love, healing simply does not occur."25

Robert G. Jahn, former Dean of the School of the Princeton University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and his associates have published interesting research on anomalous scientific phenomena. The interpretation of their results led them to conclude, among other thing , that God is Love,  and  In loving ourselves, we can heal others. In loving others, we can heal the world. 32 These are powerful thoughts!

13. "The rescue … of our imperiled planet."

The spiritual massage healer works with the client's subtle energy field which extends throughout the universe. The spiritual massage healing, because of the healer's motivation, intent and love -  all of which influence the subtle energy fields she consciously works with -  has an beneficial effect throughout the universe. This may help in what Larry Dossey speaks of as "the rescue or preservation of the imperiled planet".19

"If the caretaking of the soul has been thought in the past to be solely an exercise of the individual concerned about his personal fate, this is no longer the case. Today it is the fate of the Earth, not just of single persons, that is also our concern. Can the recovery of the individual soul help in the rescue or preservation of the imperiled planet? Perhaps. The brilliant analytical psychologist James Hillman has reintroduced the concept of the world soul  - the ultimate anima mundi. 

"The world soul is not a remote things but a power that permeates the world and all in it. Importantly, the soul of the world and that of the individual are inseparable, the one always implicating the other. 'Any alteration in the human psyche resonates with a change in the psyche of the world.' If he [Hillman] is right, there is global significance in paying attention to our own soul. Indeed, the fate of the Earth could depend on our collective efforts."25

Plotinus, almost two millennia ago, believed: "Each being contains in itself the whole intelligible world. Their All is everywhere. Each is their ALL, and All is each. Man as he now is has ceased to be the All. But when he ceases to be an individual, he raises himself again and penetrates the whole world."25

"Bodywork" has also been considered "as a means of planetary healing" from another point of view. "Bodywork, under whatever banner it is conducted, is the most important work to be done on the planet today. When you work with your own or another's body, you are working directly with the fabric of the planetary body as well. For what is the earth but the sum of all the forms of life dwelling within and upon her vast and beautiful body? Does this inspire you? I hope so, for your work, bodywork, offered to one body at a time is a direct contribution to global well-being."33

14. Biblical antecedents of healing and spiritual massage

Spiritual massage and other bodywork modalities with which the Church for Spiritual Healing and Health is concerned are derived from anointing with oil  and the laying on of hands  in the holy scriptures. "The Biblical word anoint  very often means to rub or massage with oil. The ancient Jews used olive oil and vegetable oils to warm the skin of those they wished to bless. In the past five thousand years, no better massage oils have been discovered."Anointing with oil has been used for various purposes including healing.34

And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.   (St. Mark 6:13)

There are numerous references in the Bible in which healing is associated with the laying on of hands. The phrase By stretching forth thy hand to heal...  (Acts 4:30) obviously refers to healing. 

The laying on of hands is related to "the gift of God" which is in each of us. Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee, by the putting on of my hands.  (II Timothy 1:6) This gift of God"  is not the spirit of fear;  but of power, of love, and of a sound mind.  (II Timothy 1:7) Thus the putting on of ... hands   may heal by helping an individual regain sound mind.

The Therapeutae and the Essenes. Some of the earliest healing included healing the soul . The Therapeutae and the Essenes were two preChristian Jewish mystical orders which flourished during the second and first centuries B.C. Their spiritual healing influenced the medicine of the New Testament.31,35  

The Essenes, who were probably an offshoot of the Pharisees, "dedicated their lives to healing the sick by spiritual means." They studied "the writings of the ancients and chose ... what is most advantageous to the soul and body... They used physical measures, such as  herbs and drugs, only as an adjunct to spiritual treatment." The Therapeutae were probably a branch of the Essenes. The Greeks gave the Therapeutae that name from the Greek translation of Essenes which means healer in the Aramaic language.  

The term therapy  has a spiritual meaning because it comes from Therapeutae,  the name of the Jewish sect of ascetics who lived during the first century in a community on the shore of Lake Mariotis near Alexandria, Egypt. The only original report of the Therapeutae was written by Philo, a Greek-speaking Jewish philosopher and theologian who was born in Alexandria between 10 and 15 B.C. and died there (date unknown). Philo's account of the Therapeutae, in his De Vita Contemplativa, reports that:

"The vocation of these philosophers is at once made clear from their title of Therapeutae ... a name derived from" [the Greek] "either in the sense of cure because they profess an art of healing better than that current in the cities which cures only the bodies while theirs treats also souls  oppressed with grievous and well-nigh incurable diseases... or else in the sense of worship because nature and the sacred laws have schooled them to worship the Self-existent".31 

15. The neglected role of women in the

history of massage

Most of the people who do massage are women. Unfortunately, the historical accounts of massage do not report the important contributions of women. This is true even for books on massage written by women. The history of massage is an important part of the history of women. This includes the spiritual healing they have been doing since prehistory, the religious and political persecution they have suffered, and the consequences of their having been metaphorically associated with nature. Many women who probably did massage have been jailed, raped, tortured and killed because they were healers.36-40 

Massage, with its now well-documented health benefits, was a healing modality developed by prehistoric women. We shall explain later on why those early women massage practitioners must have obtained good results because of their intent to help, regardless of how they massaged. They were also spiritual because those early "societies" and "cultures" were matriarchal and had their goddesses. Aside from that evidence, it is a matter of simple logic that massage would not have survived from prehistoric days if it were not effective.  

"Medicine", including massage, "was almost exclusively in the hands of old women for countless thousands of years, because of their supposedly innate communion with the Goddess of life and death...  For many centuries the rural areas remained largely free of the officious, interfering, commercial doctors with their leeches and lancets, which usually did more harm than good. Defying the disapproval of parish priests, people continued to take their illnesses and injuries to the village wisewomen, many of whom possessed time-tested knowledge of soothing herbs, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic drugs, practical dentistry and surgery, bonesetting, purging, hypnosis, massage,  and other techniques for easing human pains, handed down from prehistoric times by the sacred sisterhoods of the med-wyf  (wisewomen)."36

Women also kept massage alive in different ways in spite of attempts to suppress it. According to Richard Haehl: "With the development of the Christian religion, massage gradually fell into disuse, and finally was entirely forgotten. The priests of that time made every effort to suppress it, because immorality and massage were often found together. Some historians even claim that during this period massage had its home entirely in the houses of prostitution."41

16. Early concepts of health, healing 

and spiritual massage 

"Manipulation [including massage] is probably the oldest and most instinctive of all  healing methods.  One naturally reacts to a hurt or injury by stroking or rubbing the affected parts; a mother soothes a crying baby by stroking its head or back. Psychologists confirm that this stroking is not only soothing to the baby but plays an important role in its mental and emotional development.

"In humans, quiet stroking of different parts of the body brings about a relaxing semihypnotic feeling that has a more favorable effect on the nervous system than tranquilizers and sleeping pills - with none of the detrimental aftereffects.

"Even among animals a primitive form of manipulation is used. Many animals will lick their wounds to cleanse them. Licking with the mouth and tongue hastens healing by increasing the flow of blood. Deer, horses, dogs, cats and many other animals will rub their heads, sides, and backs on the bark of a tree or rough surface to give themselves a massage, sometimes for cleansing or healing, but other times for the sheer delight of it. How quiet and appreciative a horse, cow, or even a fierce bull will become when massaged with a currycomb or when the human hand is run over the head, back, or limbs. Most animal trainers use some form of stroking in their work."29   

"Throughout history massage has been used to relieve suffering. The most ancient medical records speak of it routinely as though it were one of the physicians' most valuable tools. Massage was used to promote healing long before the deluge of modern drugs which have supposedly freed doctors from laying a hand on a patient... When you yourself work with these strokes, you'll discover their healing power... In a world full of expensive gadgets futilely designed to increase enjoyment of life, it is enormously satisfying to realize you can give so much pleasure just using your hands."34

The Elder Brothers.  "The Koji - the last surviving high civilization of pre-Columbian American" - use massage with blessings and frequent prayers for the spiritual education and health of their priests and judges, called mamas.. "To make" the child who is chosen to be a mama "grow strong, they rub him, they massage him, massage him, massage him, with a sort of cloth... The mother also rubs him with this" cloth "so he'll grow up to be strong. She rubs him, she rubs him, she rubs him... So he's massaged, and massaged and massaged."42   

The mamas are the only formally educated men and women of the Koji, and each one has a specialized area of knowledge. The education of mamas begins at birth and is done by certain mamas for two nine year periods because "nine is the number for completeness, as a fetus spends nine months in the womb, and there are nine worlds." The Koji moros, "the oracles who determine ultimate policy", are educated for an additional two nine year periods.

The education is designed to attune the mind to the spirit world called aluna, "the world of thought and spirit... Everything we do is an event not only in the physical world but also in the spirit world. We live in a world shaped by spirit. Every tree, every stone, every river has a spirit form invisible to the Younger Brother" (the so-called civilized people)..."Aluna embraces intelligence, soul and fertility; it is the stuff of life, the essence of reality. The material world is underpinned, shaped, given life and generative power in aluna, and the Mama's work is carried out in aluna."

"The Koji view themselves as the elder brothers of the human race, the repository of arcane knowledge and guardians of life on earth. Among them, an ancient priesthood still rules. They view the earth as mother of all life, and see modern civilization ('the younger brother') throwing the world hopelessly awry with its strip mines and deforestation, nuclear weapons and river dams.

"Their beliefs, elucidated by the 'mamas', [who are the] priests and keepers of legend, center around a concept of balance: between the spiritual and the material, between the forces of nature and the actions of man. The universe is informed by aluna, the flux that runs through all things as thread runs through cloth."

Ancient lomilomi. "In Hawaii and throughout Polynesia at a very early date, according to the semi-historical legends of the South Seas, the healers often made use of physical manipulation as an aid to what might be called 'mental' healing.

"The manipulation was called lomilomi, and was a combination of massage, bathing and deep manipulation - every action being accompanied by an action of mind to aid healing and relieve pain."43

17. Contemporary healing and

spiritual massage healing

The Elder Brothers - the Koji - still survive with their spiritual massage, prayers and blessings; but their days may be numbered. The supply of fresh water, on which their survival depends, has seriously diminished in the High Sierras where they live because tropical rain forests are being cut down. If this continues, they will as a people and a culture become extinct.42       

Lomilomi is still practiced in Hawaii and elsewhere. Stephen Bogardus, who studied Hawaiian culture and language, and does lomilomi  (Hawaiian massage), has provided information about the religious aspects of spiritual massage. Aunty Margaret Machado, whom he interviewed, is a kahuna,  a Hawaiian healer priest, and a master of lomilomi. Aunty has been designated a "Living Treasure of Hawaii" by the Hongwanji (Buddhist) Church. Much of the following information is quoted verbatim from Aunty Margaret and from Bogardus in the latter' two reports.27,28  

Aunty Margaret was not trained formally as kahunas (doctors) were trained in the old days. She prayed for guidance, and her training came bit by bit. As information came to her, Aunty designed the pattern of movements for her massage treatment. In The Story of My Life, she tells how the Lord prepared her heart to love, and how the gift of healing hands came to her.

Her definition of Hawaiian lomilomi is "the loving touch  - a connection between heart, hand, and soul with the Source of all Life."  Her religious definition is also her spiritual technic. When asked "What is your technique?", her immediate reply was "I go straight to the Source of Life." She goes to the Source in prayer, whenever she lays on hands for a lomilomi, or whenever she teaches a class... The Source gives her the energy and information she needs for her work. 

Aunty teaches that "Hawaiian lomilomi is a loving touch. Love that body [you work on] as if it were your own… If your hands are gentle and loving, your patient will feel the sincerity of your heart. His soul will reach out to yours, and the Lord's healing will flow through you both."

The touch of Aunty Margaret's hands is unforgettable... Love and heat are in the palms of the hands... Aunty tells her students: "Hawaiian lomilomi is a praying work...  When I pray over a patient, a great deal of calm comes over me." Aunty Margaret said she has felt the force of the Holy Spirit in her work, through the act of prayer. At such times, she has felt a force like a rushing wind on her head and shoulders.

The Hawaiian work for spiritual power is mana.  It is said of the ancient chiefs and priests that they possessed great mana because they were closely-related children of the gods. When Aunty Margaret prays, you hear the knowledge that she is a child of the most High God, to whom he will graciously incline his ear.

The true quality of Aunty Margaret's technique is her touch: the 'Loving Touch' ... Each person's touch is unique. The ability to convey caring to the massage patient is a gift that comes with sincerity of the heart. This gift transforms technique into healing.

The purpose of Hawaiian lomilomi, as Aunty teaches, is to revive the body, to move the blood and lymph, to open spasms, and remove waste material from muscle and connective tissue. Aunty Margaret's treatment, within its religious context, employs the full range of massage movements, including effleurage, petrissage, friction, vibration, percussion and kneading. Every area worked is also 'soothed' with long strokes. Her method is adaptable to a broad range of therapies, including athletic massage and treatment of the ill or injured.

Aunty's student Enoka Kaina  said, "A lot I learned, I didn't expect to learn. I suppose at the back of my mind, I thought to learn something more than just procedure. I think I learned an affirmation of service as a goal for all mankind."

Stephen Bogardus concluded: Lomilomi "is a universal form for healing. It is our Creator's love, flowing from the heart through the hands, a touch from soul to soul.  This is the secret of Aunty's loving touch, which she shares with all those who came to her, seeking to learn how to love and help others… The most important thing to learn is what it means to serve, what it means to be a servant of the Heavenly Father. And then the definition of serving might come from the heart through the hands."

Harry Edwards founded the National Federation of Spiritual Healers.  The Harry Edwards Spiritual Healing Sanctuary in England is named after him.

Healer Members of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers may use gentle massage  as part of their healing.15 Edwards wrote that "Another good healing help is in general massage. Do not think this is only necessary when one has a pain or stiffness. A general rubbing, using any oil or cream, helps the blood to flow more freely, it loosens up the tissues, helps to disperse waste that has been left by the blood in the fibres of the muscles, etc. Massage is a stimulation. No elaborate technique is needed - just a gentle rubbing, not too vigorous like "scrubbing" but firm and smoothing, will do wonders to assist the bloodstream and the tissues."9

Karen Carlson and Albert Schatz introduced four major advances in Swedish Massage and western bodywork: the recognition of the spiritual nature of massage, the integration of massage with spiritual healing, the subtle energy component of massage, and  the integration of nature and massage through co-creative science.  The evolution of their Holistic Massage from 1984 to 1990 is shown in Figures 1 and 2.

Carlson and Schatz associated spiritual healing with massage and clearly recognized the spiritual nature of massage  ten years ago. Their June, 1984, Holistic Massage  newsletter reported their integration of Swedish massage, spiritual healing and education (teaching).  "Because holistic  refers to body, mind and spirit, ... using the term Holistic Massage … acknowledges  ... the spiritual nature of massage.  This spiritual nature of massage manifests itself when massage is associated with spiritual healing. However, spiritual healing is not invariably associated with massage."1

"For massage to be associated with" the kind of "spiritual healing" defined in that newsletter, "the massage practitioner must ... be in attunement... The well-known British

spiritual healer Harry Edwards, who ... recommended massage, emphasized the importance of being in a state of attunement when giving spiritual healing."9  The 1984 newsletter which reported the integration of Swedish Massage and spiritual healing and recognized the spiritual nature of massage appeared a year after Carlson was accepted as a Healer Member in the National Federation of Spiritual Healers.

Carlson and Schatz also emphasized the educational component of holistic massage. "Teaching, the highest of the ministerial or cooperative arts, is devoted to the good of others. It is an act of supreme generosity. St. Augustine called it the greatest act of charity." (Mortimer J. Adler)  "The present-day term 'doctor' derives from the Latin word 'doctor' which originally referred to a teacher. In this pedagogic sense, the health minister is a doctor who helps ... the doctors within us."1

Information about health care modalities which involve education of the client not medical treatment, and the qualifications needed to successfully practice those modalities are in Appendices C and D.

Albert Schweitzer believed that: "Each patient carries his own doctor inside him. We are at our best when we give the doctor who resides within ... a chance to go to work."1 Carlson used the expression facilitator of self-healing   because "it is the body which heals itself."8  The qualifications needed to facilitate self-healing are in Appendix E.

The main subject of their July, 1984, Holistic Massage newsletter is "Spiritual Healing".7

Their 1990 Holistic Massage newsletter reported that, since 1984, Carlson had "adapted and incorporated in her course and workshops some aspects of the new physics (quantum physics) and most recently co-creative science." During the six years, from 1984 to 1990, she integrated Swedish massage with spiritual healing, therapeutic touch, quantum physics and co-creative science.8 Carlson and Schatz were the first to expand body, mind and spirit to body, mind, spirit and nature.

 The 1990 newsletter defined Holistic Massage as having three distinct and interrelated functions. These are "physical manipulations, interaction of energy fields of client and practitioner, and education of clients." This same newsletter also presented information about the qualifications needed to do spiritual healing. 

Karen Carlson has been an ordained minister since 1975. She became a full Healer Member of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers in 1983, the year before her first newsletter appeared in 1984.  She has been actively involved in spiritual healing and the spiritual welfare of people and Planet Earth for more than a decade. An article in the December, 1983, issue of New Frontiers noted that "Karen's present primary interests are the material and spiritual welfare of the individual and the planet." 

In awarding Karen Carlson an honorary Doctor of Philosophy degree on May 20, 1984, Dr. Jean-Marc Brunet, president of Susan B. Anthony University, commented as follows: "This degree is awarded to you in recognition and acknowledgment of your distinguished contributions that have helped elevate massage to a respectable professional health modality; your excellence as a Teacher; and the help you have unselfishly and devotedly given to many people as a Spiritual Healer, a Massage Practitioner, a Teacher, and a Counselor in Nutrition and Holistic Health."

Edgar Cayce, the "sleeping prophet". Detailed information about Edgar Cayce and his religious and spiritual concepts of health, healing and the human body29 are presented in Appendix F.

Cayce's readings repeatedly emphasize the importance of the religious and spiritual aspects of health and healing.29 Some of his comments are:

"The body physical is truly the temple through which the mental and spiritual and soul development must manifest, and in manifestation does the growth come."

"All healing comes from the Divine within."

"NATURE or the Divine force does the healing." (quoted from McGarey)13

"All healing ... must arise ... most and first of all ... from ... constructive spiritual inspiration."

"All healing of every nature is the changing of the vibrations from within - the attuning of the divine within the living tissue of a body to Creative Energies. This alone is healing. Whether it is accomplished by the use of drugs, the knife, or what-not, it is the attuning of the atomic structure of the living cellular force to its spiritual heritage."

"Know that there is within self all healing that may be accomplished for the body. For all healing must come from the Divine, for who healeth thy diseases? The source of the Universal Supply."

"Within each physical being [there exist] the elements whereby the organs ... are enabled within themselves to supply what is needed for replenishing or rebuilding."

"Then keep that attitude of constructive, creative forces within self. For all healing of every nature must arise within the self. For there is the ability within the physical body to re-create or reproduce itself, as well as the activities for assimilating that from which the re-creation is to be brought about."

"For all healing, mental or material, is attuning each atom of the body, each reflex of the brain forces, to the awareness of the divine that lies within each atom, each cell of the body."

"The body must not, should not, lose courage to carry on, but ...working in patience knowing that all healing, all help, must arise from constructive thinking, constructive application, and most and first of all constructive spiritual inspiration. Use [body] ... disturbances as stepping stones for higher and better understanding."

William A. McGarey, M.D. Massage and manipulations, which Cayce so frequently recommended, are used at the ARE (Association for Research and Enlightenment) Clinic in Phoenix, Arizona. Dr. McGarey has been the Director of Medical Research of The Edgar Cayce Foundation. Since 1970, he has been Director and President of the ARE Clinic.13

"Manipulation and massage were an integral part of Edgar Cayce's drugless therapy." Among other things, Cayce believed that "The peanut oil rubs [massages] supply energies to the body." (Reilly)29 "Massage is an important therapy in our program at the ARE Clinic;  and, in the context of the Edgar Cayce readings, it has been recommended for a variety of problems." (McGarey)13

McGarey also explained how Cayce differentiated between manipulation and massage. "Manipulation may be viewed through the Cayce material as part of the armamentarium for bringing the body back to balance. Differing from exercise, it is administered by another party — not by the one who would receive the benefit. Differing also from massage, manipulation is more definite, oriented more to specific passive joint movement and to rearrangement, in a sense, of large muscle masses."

McGarey summarized what healing meant to Cayce. "Healing of the human body might best be called a growth in consciousness, a new awareness of the Divine within one's being. True healing, according to the Cayce readings, is always an adventure in consciousness leading to new understandings. Cayce suggested that a healing of the spiritual body that does not provide one with hope in the spiritual nature of his being is 'saving a body for destruction in materiality.'"13 

18. Comments on the spiritual

nature of massage

"Massage is sacred. It is dance, life and breath; souls touch." - Linda Schatz (copyright 1993)

"Touch is the oldest and truest form of communion."34

"Massage is a spiritual communication."30

"Hands that help are holier by far than lips that pray." - Robert Ingersoll

"The world is my country, and to do good is my religion." - Tom Paine

"The more high technology around us, the more the need for human touch.... High tech/high touch. [This] principle symbolizes the need for balance between our physical and spiritual reality. - John Naisbitt

"God cures and the doctor sends the bill." - Mark Twain

"Science teaches us to see in order to believe and the spirit says believe and you will see." - Bernard S. Siegel2 

Rosemary A. Barbera (personal communication)."As a minister and massage practitioner, I have found massage to be a profoundly spiritual experience, both for the person receiving and the person giving the massage. I consider massage to be spiritual because it transcends verbal communication and facilitates a deeper mode of communication where one has the opportunity to be in touch with deep feelings. It also allows a person to reflect and meditate in a new realm.

"In my ministry, I have experienced massage to be an effective tool when working with people who have felt as if they were spiritually stuck. Through massage, these persons were able to take a step back and reconnect with their inner self, higher power, God in a personal and transformative way. As a matter of fact, I have worked with individuals, such as Roman Catholic priests, who now consider massage to be an integral element in their spiritual journey.

"Massage, as well as other forms of bodywork, is spiritual because it calls one to give up control and be in touch with elements not usually part of daily life in this society." 

Mary Brewster.  (personal communication) The integration rather than the segregation of spirituality from science has a philosophical kinship with bodywork. This idea has been accepted in the East for centuries. I define the nature of our species as the synergy of the body, the soul, the emotion and the mind. The connective harmonics of these levels is the essence or our health.

"Entry into the healing process can commence on any one or more of these four levels. The sphere of practice of a bodyworker is broad and limited only by the ability of the practitioner, the consent of the client, and their partnership with nature. Any other definition would diminish and obstruct the restoration of balance within the individual and between the individual and their environment. Healing is an intimate and sacred communication between the bodyworker and the client. As a facilitator of the client's self-healing, the bodyworker seeks to fuse her healing practice and the inner ability of the client to heal, with the larger natural world. It is within this moment that self-healing occurs. (Mary Brewster is Director of the Healing Arts Institute, Inc., Somers, CT)

Eduardo A. Villegas C. (personal communication). "Massage is a spiritual exercise and experience for many reasons. For me, the starting point is in the fact that massage, when practiced with respect and dignity, acknowledges and exults the uniqueness of each human being. It dignifies the person and recognizes that all humans are distinct and special beings.

"Massage also sees the human body from a holistic perspective. Therefore the person is more than just flesh. When I massage a person, I am reaching the person as a whole and working with the entire entity of the individual - body, psyche and spirit. The effects of massage are not only physical, but spiritual as well, which is why massage practice must strongly resist all attempts to limit its scope and reduce it to something purely physical.

"For me, the motivation for doing massage is spiritual. I connect with another human being, and with the human race in a very close and deep way through massage. Our energy fields are in communication in a healing and healthy way during massage. The holistic approach to massage looks at the body with all the subtleties; and to do that the personal intent of the practitioner is integral, in my opinion, to the healing process.

"The process of massage is a highly personalized experience between practitioner and client. The intent of the practitioner is essential to the outcome of the massage. This intent is a spiritual concept and a mystery. It is based on the spiritual practice of centering oneself in a meditative way which acknowledges love for the other. This requires a personal commitment to the well-being of the other, both physically and spiritually. As a result, any attempt to legislate massage will fail because it will not take into consideration these essential spiritual elements of massage. The underlying dynamics are not measurable by technological or economical criteria.

"Therefore, for me, massage is a highly spiritual activity which is sacred. It is the profound interaction between two persons which connects them spiritually and leads to healing. It is a mystery, an unknown, and cannot be controlled by human laws.

Hallie Inglehart.  - "Having shared bodywork ... we have touched souls." 

That occurred at "a workshop on self-hate and suicide and cooperation at the 1977 Feminist Forum in San Francisco" which "was so full of pain that women began massaging one another. At that crucial moment, the experience of being touched, soothed, and cared for did more to heal permanently the self-hate then any discussion would have. It was an essential first step in breaking down the patriarchal fiction that we are worthless and unlovable. 

"Bodywork ... is an important aspect of natural healing because of its accessibility, universality, effectiveness, and relation to power. In this country, laying on of hands, familiar to first-world cultures and old-fashioned healers, is now being used by white, middle-class bodyworkers. Bodywork demands a direct knowledge of one's own body, sensitivity to another's, and an understanding of the energy that moves through all living things and through the furthest reaches of the universe. It is powerful, but easily tapped.

"Vital, equal, and intimate relationships are rare; we can develop more of them. Having shared bodywork, it is much more difficult for us to become alienated, paranoid, or overly competitive with one another, for we have touched souls and power.  Because we are much closer on many non-verbal levels, verbal communication is easier, we understand each other much more quickly, and move to yet another level of creativity."37 

 19. Curing versus healing 

Janet Quinn provided a clear differentiation between curing and healing.2 "We may conceptualize healing  as a process which facilitates health, and thus wholeness... Let us consider wholeness to mean integration, harmony and balance of mind-body-spirit in interaction with the totality of one's environment. A healing may thus be conceptualized ... as a skillful practice which facilitates the integration of harmony and balance of mind-body-spirit in the recipient... One cannot practice a healing art without attending to the spiritual nature and needs of the recipient."

"The spiritual nature and needs of people are virtually ignored in our health care system." (Quinn) "The focus of our health care system is the curing of disease, rather than the healing of the whole person."

"Curing may be conceptualized as the elimination of the signs and symptoms of disease... If, after a certain course of treatment by surgery, and/or drug therapy, the signs and symptoms no longer exist, then we say that the person has been cured... However if the signs and symptoms cannot be eliminated, then the health care system is judged a failure. It is all very clear - success is the elimination of the disease, and failure the inability to do so. Notice that one need never discuss the person with the disease to adjudge the treatment as a success or failure. The old joke that 'the surgery was a success but the patient died' seems alarmingly close to the truth when viewed in this context.

"Modern medicine does some things very well, but simply does not go far enough.  For, while signs and symptoms of disease may be eliminated, our system of health care does little to facilitate people's wholeness. If anything, modern medicine impedes the healing process by fostering the idea of separation between mind-body-spirit."

20. Secular curing versus

 spiritual healing

Quinn is concerned with the process and the end result18 which interests us. But we are also interested in the source of knowledge of the practitioners who cure and heal. Because there are two sources of knowledge - secular or divine - there are two kinds of practitioners.

Massage therapists, physical therapists, and medical doctors provide symptom-directed  medical treatment based on their knowledge which come from secular sources. Secular holistic health practitioners also work with secular knowledge even though their approach is not symptom-directed medical treatment.

But the knowledge of what movements a spiritual massage practitioner does by the laying on of hands comes from a divine source. Both curing and healing can result from a secular or a spiritual approach.

These differences between secular massage and spiritual massage healing were discussed in detail in Section 8. Spiritual massage healing.   

21. Science, consciousness,

love and health

"Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind."  - Albert Einstein 

"The Cosmic religious experience is the strongest and noblest mainspring of scientific research."  - Albert Einstein 

God is in the laboratory. 26

"If we choose to hearken exclusively to the soulless messages of science that have predominated up to now, for fear of compromising our reason, then this choice can only be described as self-indulgence - for within science today we see the unmistakable emergence of a new latitude for the human spirit which simply did not exist in the recent past. As the eminent physicist Werner Heisenberg was led to say, 'Consciousness  and spirit  can be related in a new way to the scientific conception of our time'."25

Some important information about the interrelationship of science, consciousness, love and health has been published by Jahn, Dunne and others at the Princeton University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. This research has been done in the Princeton Anomalies Research Project, and discussed in The Academy of Consciousness Studies at Princeton.  The scope of the research includes The Spiritual Substance of Science 44 and Out of this Aboriginal Sensible Muchness.... : Consciousness, Information and Human Health. 32

22. Qualifications for healing and

spiritual massage healing 

Jesus was a great teacher even though he never took any education courses, and would not meet present state requirements for teacher certification. Jesus was also a great healer even though he never took any courses in anatomy, physiology and pathology.

Others in the Bible who anointed with oil and did laying on of hands never took a 500-hour training in a state-accredited massage school. But they obtained good results. Many people who do Therapeutic Touch very effectively have not studied anatomy, physiology and pathology. Many people who do massage competently are self-taught, or learned massage in schools that do not meet state requirements for licensure, registration and certification.

Some comments about the requirements to do spiritual healing are in Appendix E.

At the 1977 Feminist Forum on self-hate and suicide in San Francisco, severely distressed women spontaneously began massaging one another. The healing results were excellent even though the women had no training in massage.37 The details of this are in Section 18. Comments on the Spiritual nature of massage.

In the United Kingdom, "Physicians and nurses are now attending workshops to learn to develop their own healing gifts. the physicians receiving postgraduate education credits for these courses... Nearly all health caretakers, as well as many laypersons, have the ability to develop their innate healing gifts. In workshops … for physicians, nurses, other caretakers and laypersons, about 90 percent of the participants can achieve modest results within minutes. With practice, most can achieve a modest competence. Some can reach professional levels with diligence. A few are gifted and may develop their natural abilities to high levels

"Massage, like music, is what Aldus Huxley called 'a psycho-physical skill'...  Did Bach know how his muscles worked? No. But he played the organ very well and was a magnificent teacher. If proficiency in any psycho-physical skill depended on correct knowledge of physiology, there would have been no good singers, dancers, pianists, runners and so forth, until the middle of the twentieth century."34

"There are no special tricks to massage - no hours of practicing weird technics - no tedious new vocabulary to learn... And you don't need an intensive course in anatomy to lay your hands on another human being... The simple fact remains ... that you can use your hands to bring pleasure to another human being without the coldness of traditional therapy and outside the intimacies of sex."34

Dr. Douglas Graham, who helped introduce massage in the United States, wrote; "The advantages of ordinary rubbing are not to be despised ... as long as you rub ... the right way. You will be surprised once you start, to discover how many movements will come to you instinctively and naturally, for as a great nineteenth century doctor said 'A careful study of the structure of the human body, its contours and conformations together with the most agreeable and efficacious manner of applying massage to it, results in proving, either ... the Creator made the body to be manipulated, or else ... He put it into the heart of man to devise massage  as a means of arousing under-action of nerve, muscle and circulation.'  

"No matter how precisely and carefully worded the description" (of massage) "may be, it is not likely to be comprehended, unless one sees, feels and attempts to do massage himself and compares his efforts with others; for massage, though it may be studied as a science, has like everything else ... to be practiced as an art ... there is much that cannot be systemized, that cannot be conveyed from mind to mind in books and articles.

"The definition and manner of doing massage is not rendered any clearer by calling slow and gentle strokes in a centripetal direction, effleurage, or by speaking of deep-rubbing as massage a friction; or by using the term petrissage for deep manipulation without friction, or calling percussion 'tapoment'".29

Harry Edwards, the well-known British healer, wrote that  "Another good healing help is in general massage... No elaborate technique is needed - just a gentle rubbing, not too vigorous like "scrubbing" but firm and smoothing, will do wonders to assist the bloodstream and the tissues."9

Edgar Cayce, the "sleeping prophet". "Manipulation and massage were an integral part of Edgar Cayce's drugless therapy."29 

"When asked, 'Who should give the massage?' Cayce replied, 'One that is in tune with that [which] is being attempted."

Dr. Harold J. Reilly  treated many people whom Edgar Cayce referred to him. For nearly all these patients, Cayce recommended treatments which included massage and/or manipulation. Dr. Reilly taught massage to many individuals, who then massaged their sick family members or friends with very good results.29 

From this experience over a period of many years, Reilly concluded: "Attunement is the key in healing - and particularly in massage. I have learned over the years that with a few lessons you can teach any average person to give elementary massage. But the difference in the result comes from the practitioner's attitude."

"The most important thing to remember in giving a massage is that to get effective results you must have a desire to help the person you are going to be working on."

Dr. Reilly took his "examinations and degreee as a doctor of massotherapy", and had 45 years of clinical experience with Edgar Cayce's readings. He met Cayce for the first time two years after Cayce had begun referring patients to him.

Dolores del Bueno included "guided intuitions", "holistic sensitivity" and "richness of experience" among distinguishing characteristic of "proficient and expert practitioners".30

Dr. Bernard S.  Siegel,  the author of the two best-selling books Love, Medicine and Miracles  and Peace, Love and Healing,  told about his spirit guides.

"I attended a workshop with Carl and Stephanie Simonton and was told during a guided imagery exercise I would meet an inner guide. The mechanic  in me said, 'This is ridiculous.' And yet in the meditation along came George. George is a spiritual figure who guides me. Since then I have met other guides who have been seen by mediums. I only see the guides in imagery exercises and sense them around me, but mediums have seen them standing around me at my lectures or workshops. A new world opened up where a mechanic  could no longer exist with his old belief system. By bringing this new belief system into my practice, my world and the world of my patients changed."2

23. Two realities, two worlds

Healers who do spiritual massage are not mechanics.  Healers are also not technicians.  A member of the clergy, who does bodywork,  said, "I was playing it safe and staying within protocols I had been taught. I was somewhat effective, and I could always explain what I was doing. But I was only being a technician,  and my clients were relating to a technician." Now "I have started noticing and feeling my own responsibility for how I feel, and that's very empowering. I spend a lot less time thinking about my past or about my future. I am being in the moment more powerfully and more directly. Change has been building up in my life for the past year, and a bunch of walls quickly came down - mine. I am experiencing Spirit more directly."11 

Healers and the people they heal live in a world that is very different than the world of secular massage therapy. The two worlds are different because they are different realities.45 One difference is that ... in the healers' world, people do not stop at their skins. They are all connected with one another by their subtle subtle energy fields.16 These fields also connect all people with everything else in the universe.

"We humans consider ourselves to be made up of 'solid matter'. Actually, the physical body is the end product,  so to speak, of the subtle information fields, which mold our physical body as well as all physical matter. These fields are holograms which change in time (and are) outside the reach of our normal senses. This is what clairvoyants perceive as colorful egg-shaped halos or auras surrounding our physical bodies." (Itzhak Bentov)

Spiritual massage healing bridges the two worlds of science and religion. Carlson and Schatz were aware of this when they recognized the spiritual nature of massage  in 1984.1 That spiritual nature of massage defined a new paradigm for bodywork, which had theretofore been considered only secular. Carlson and Schatz expanded the parameters of that new paradigm when they integrated Swedish Massage and quantum physics in 1990.8 The development of the  spiritual massage healing paradigm meets the criteria of what Thomas S. Kuhn called The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.46

24. Caveat emptor

"Teaching, the highest of the ministerial  or cooperative arts, is devoted to the good of others. It is an act of supreme generosity. St. Augustine called it the greatest act of charity." (Mortimer J. Adler)1

"One cannot develop the gift [of spiritual healing] by study, as is done in ... physical arts and sciences. The gift of healing cannot be conferred by a degree, by ordination, or by the wearing of a white coat."47

"A well-designed theoretical and practical course as run by the National Federation of Spiritual Healers provides essential knowledge and some practical experience; it builds confidence and sets the newcomers securely on the healing path. It would be misleading to claim more than this. For such is the nature of Spiritual Healing, such is the dependence on the love and compassion generated by life's experience on the individual potential healer that no amount of attending courses will guarantee the development of the healing gift in every individual irrespective of his motives, intentions or personal development. To think that it would be so is to equate the training of healers to the method of constructing Ford cars on the ... factory assembly line."48

"A certificate which simply records, on close inspection, that the holder has attended a course tells nothing about what benefits he received from being there. He might have slept through the whole course; even if awake and attentive there is no guarantee that he was able to absorb what was being taught. But the real danger lies in the prospect of members of the public being deluded into thinking that the attendance certificate really means that the holder has skills, expertise and proficiency - which in fact he does not. The acid test of any healer is that patients are healed, not that the healer has attended training courses."48

The National Federation of Spiritual Healers (NFSH) "does issue a Healer's Certificate and this certifies rightly commands respect because it is related to documented evidence based on the testimonials of persons healed. Before an applicant is accepted as a Healer Member of the NFSH, written evidence of healing is obtained independently by the Federation from patients prepared to freely testify to the benefits of the healing treatment received... Surely it is of the utmost importance that training and certification as a healer be seen as related, not synonymous."48

The physical movements of massage and other manipulations can be taught. The qualitative , subjective, creative, intuitive aspects associated with the movements cannot be taught.30 The movements can be executed impersonally and mechanically by a  practitioner while she is thinking of her vacation which begins in two days. She is then functioning, like a well-oiled machine or some other mechanical device, independently of who the client is.

Or, the practitioner can be consciously dancing her movements with artistic choreography which invites the client to Come Dance with Me49 in a joint spiritual performance.

This dance with its qualitative, subjective and intuitive aspects, which consist of feelings of motivation, intent and love cannot be taught. They are learned and developed only by being experienced.30 This is why the laying on of hands may be a form of prayer,13 which associates spiritual healing with the massage movements, or it may be an impersonal, mechanical procedure.   

25. The importance of practice

God helps those who help themselves.

"If you want to ride a horse, dance a jig, climb a mountain, build a boat, write a novel, study history, think intelligently, become educated, a certain amount of instruction in a class in the subject will be useful - perhaps for two or three sessions. After that, you will need to get a horse, start dancing, climbing, building, writing, thinking, and educating on your own. Otherwise you will not have learned what you need to know; that is, how in fact to do the thing you have set out to learn to do. To learn to do something, it is necessary to practice it.

"The idea that knowledge stems from knowing has a respectable ancestry in the British empirical philosophy, the psychology of William James, the views of the existentialists, and the educational theories of Alfred North Whitehead and John Dewey, among others. The idea also has the advantage of being continually affirmed in the experience of anyone who has ever learned anything. 50

26. Spiritual massage healing

cannot be certified

The state cannot require spiritual healers or spiritual massage healers to meet formal training requirements and pass written examinations for credentialing (certification, registration or licensure). Such state requirements would be illegal because of the separation of church and state, which will be discussed. Aside from that, the very nature of spiritual healing and spiritual massage healing - how it is learned and how it is practiced - makes it impossible to define formal training programs and written certification examinations that guarantee "competence". Finally, the only meaningful concept of "competence" is based on individuals who report that they have been treated with beneficial results.30 

Therapeutic Touch is a good example of the above-mentioned situation. "The Board of Trustees" of the Nurse-Healers Progressional Associates (NH-PA) "completed [a] year long study of credentialing healers and certification of Therapeutic Touch. The following resolution statement summarizes the results of that study:

"Whereas, Therapeutic Touch is an interior process involving a strong desire to heal and become more sensitive to the flow of energy;

"Whereas, intentionality and energy flow cannot currently be measured objectively;

"Whereas, Therapeutic Touch is not just a skill but involves healing as a lifestyle;

"Whereas, NH-PA recognizes the need for promoting standards of excellence in healing practices;

"Whereas, the membership has been polled and the majority oppose certification of Therapeutic Touch;

"Be it

" Resolved that NH-PA opposes certification/credentialing of Therapeutic Touch practitioners and Be it further

"Resolved that NH-PA will support the development and promotion of Standards of Care in practicing Therapeutic Touch and Be it further

"Resolved that NH-PA will support the development and promotion of the Scope of Practice of Therapeutic Touch and Be it further

"Resolved that NH-PA will develop strategies to recognize excellence in teachers of Therapeutic Touch."51

27. Compensation for spiritual

massage healers

The issue of compensation for a spiritual massage healing requires a decision which the healer must make for each person whom she or he serves.

Doctors, physical therapists, massage therapists, and massage practitioners are all paid for their services. Spiritual healers have different attitudes about compensation. Some believe their ability to heal is a gift from God; and they will lose that gift if they charge. Others accept donations only. The recipients of their healings decide whether to donate and, if so, how much. Some healers who have fees do not charge people who are financially indigent. They feel a spiritual obligation to provide healing for those who are unable to pay. In the United Kingdom, the National Health Service District Health Authorities ... have the discretion  to accept Healing as a therapy for which costs will be paid"19

28. Spiritual massage healing is different

 from massage therapy, physical

therapy and medicine

Spiritual massage healing is a form of divinely inspired and divinely guided religious healing. It consists of prayer, anointing with oil and movements derived from the laying on of hands. It is the practice of one's religious faith and conscience. It is a mode of worship. The spiritual massage practitioner is a religious healer. Prayer is an integral part of spiritual massage healing. It provides the healer with guidance. Without prayer, there is no spiritual massage healing.

The state can neither define nor regulate spiritual massage healing because of the well-established separation of church and state. This separation is clearly stated in the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States; and has been upheld in court decisions, It would therefore be interference with the practice of one's religion for the state to require spiritual massage healers to comply with state credentialing requirements that apply to secular massage therapists.  

State massage laws define massage as a secular modality which consists of manipulations of the soft tissues of the body. Secular massage is therefore concerned only with the material body. It is not concerned with "body, mind and spirit". Nor is it concerned with the subtle energy of the human body.16 The state law definitions of massage do not include spiritual aspects of massage, prayer and the spirit or soul of the practitioner and client.  

The Pennsylvania Physical Therapy Practice Act includes "massage" as one of the physical measures" in "evaluation and treatment". This act does not define "massage", but "the provisions of this act are not intended to limit the activities of persons legitimately engaged in the nontherapeutic  administration of ... massage..." The massage in the Pennsylvania Physical Therapy Practice Act, like massage in state massage laws is not spiritual massage healing which involves spiritual aspects of massage, prayer and the spirit or soul of the practitioner and client.

The Pennsylvania Medical Practice Act specifically excludes healing by spiritual means or prayer  from its definition of "Medicine and Surgery". The Act defines "Medicine and surgery" as "The art and science of which the objectives are the cure of disease and the preservation of the health of man, including the practice of the healing art with or without drugs, except healing by spiritual means or prayer."  The Act does not define "spiritual means".

Because massage, physical therapy and medicine are secular modalities, they do not come under the separation of church and state. That is why state laws define and regulate them. But the state cannot define and regulate spiritual massage healing because of the separation of church and state.

Spiritual massage healers are not "health care practitioners", as defined by the Pennsylvania Medical Practice Act, because they do not practice healing arts which require "a license, permit, certificate or registration issued by a Commonwealth licensing agency or board." Spiritual massage healers are practitioners of the health arts.  They have a different philosophy, orientation, procedure and objective than the healing arts  which are defined in the Pennsylvania Medical Practice Act.

The function of Karen Carlson's Well-Person Place  has been education, and not diagnosis and treatment. The very term The Well-Person Place considers health and the health arts from an educational point of view, as distinct from the healing arts of medicine.1 The name Well-Person Place is the antithesis of  Krankhaus, the German word for hospital, which means sick house or house of the sick.

The Nurse Healers Professional Associates (NHPA) wants the National Institutes of Health to change the name of its Office of Alternative Medicine  to the Office of Complementary Health Practices.  NHPA was motivated by "concern on the part of non-physicians involved in complementary healing modalities ... that 'medicine' was not inclusive enough to cover all disciplines providing HEALTH CARE." NHPA believes " the name should more accurately reflect the complete range of health care options available to the public, and more fully represent the majority of practitioners in the field."52

29. Activities of the Church for Spiritual Healing and Health

The Church for Spiritual Healing and Health intends to:

(a) provide information about and practice in spiritual massage healing and relevant modalities. This includes courses, workshops, seminars, conferences, meetings and other relevant activities. For reasons presented in the section Caveat emptor, the Health and Healing Ministry will not certify individuals as spiritual massage healers. Nor will it accredit schools, trainings, workshops, etc. which provide such certification. 

(b) maintain a facility for providing the above-mentioned educational and other relevant activities.

(c) conduct research on the spiritual aspects of health, spiritual healing, spiritual massage healing and other healing modalities.

(d) provide a forum for discussion of spiritual healing and other spiritual matters; and a place of worship.

(e) publish reports about health, spiritual healing, spiritual massage healing, healers, and healings in the Journal of Spiritual Bodywork, other professional journals, newsletters, books, popular magazines, and newspapers.

Doing spiritual massage healing is the practice of one's religious belief and conscience. The "free exercise ... of religion" is guaranteed by the first Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.  It is also one of the "natural ... inherent and indefeasible rights of conscience" according to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is one of the "rights of conscience , in the free exercise of religious worship" in the Constitution of the State of Delaware. The International Bill of Human Rights of the United Nations gives  "everyone … the right ... to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance."

The Four Freedoms which Franklin D. Roosevelt enunciated in his January 6, 1941 message to Congress were the freedom of speech and expression, the freedom of worship, and the freedom from war and want. These freedoms were to be the aims of the United States and ultimately of the world. They were proposed to make the United States "the arsenal of democracy".

30. The Constitution of the United States

separates church and state

The first Amendment to the Constitution of the United States is entitled Freedom of Religion, of Speech, and of the Press,   and reads in part as follows: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof ..." The "free exercise ... of religion" includes the right to practice and the right to teach.

The fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States is entitled Citizenship Rights not to be Abridged,  and reads in part as follows: "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States..." nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty,  or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."

Liberty includes the freedom to practice and teach one's religious beliefs. State laws, which regulate public schools, cannot be applied to schools that are church-related. This is why parochial schools may employ teachers who do not meet the state certification requirements for teaching in public schools.

Former U.S. Supreme Courst Justice Robert Jackson wrote, "The price of freedom of religion … is that we must put up with and even pay for a good deal of rubbish."

31. The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

separates church and state

"All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain inherent and indefeasible rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, of acquiring, possessing and protecting property and reputation, and of pursuing their own happiness." (Article I. Section 1: Inherent Rights of Mankind)

Regaining and maintaining good health of body, mind and spirit are means of "defending life". Good health is necessary for "enjoying ... life and liberty". Therefore having good health and exercising the means of regaining and maintaining good health are "inherent and indefeasible rights ... of all men" who are "equally free and independent".

"All men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences" and "no human authority can, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience, and no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious establishment or modes of worship." (Article I, Section 3: Religious Freedom )

In a religious and spiritual sense, helping oneself and others regain and maintain good health of body, mind and spirit are "the dictates of" one's conscience. The spiritual modalities employed to help oneself and others regain and maintain good health are "modes of worship". Thus, helping oneself and others regain and maintain good health of body, mind and spirit are "natural ... inherent and indefeasible rights ... of conscience". 

"The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man, and every citizen may freely speak, write and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty." (Article I. Section 7: Freedom of the Press and Speech; Libels)

It is therefore "one of the invaluable rights of man" to "freely speak, write and print on any subject", including religious and spiritual health care and healing modalities which help regain and maintain good health of body, mind and spirit.

"To guard against transgressions of the high powers which we have delegated, we declare that everything in this article" [Article I] "is excepted out of the general powers of government and shall forever remain inviolate." (Article I, Section 26. Reservation of Powers in People)

32. The Constitution of Delaware separates church and state

"Preamble. Through Divine goodness, all men have by nature the rights of worshiping and serving their Creator according to the dictates of their consciences… 

Following the Preamble, the report of a court decision reads as follows: The applicable rules of construction require that effect be given, if possible, to the whole Constitution and to every word thereof.  Opinion of the Justices,  225  A.2d  481 (Del. Sup. Ct. 1966)

ARTICLE 1 BILL OF RIGHTS     

 § 1. Freedom of religion

Section 1. Although it is the duty of all men frequently to assemble together for the public worship of Almighty God; and piety and morality, on which the prosperity of communities depends, are hereby promoted, yet no man shall or ought to be compelled to attend any religious worship, to contribute to the erection  or support of any place of worship, or to the maintenance of any ministry, against his own free will and consent; and no power shall or ought to be vested in or assumed by any magistrate that shall in any case interfere with, or in any manner control the rights of conscience, in the free exercise of religious worship, nor a preference given by law to any religious societies, denominations or modes of worship.

Court decisions reported after this Section read as follows:

Constitutional protection of freedom of religion is not restricted to orthodox religious practices any more than it is to expressions of orthodox economic views; rather, it includes freedom of religious belief and embraces the right to maintain religious theories which may be regarded as rank heresy to those who follow orthodox religious teachings.  State v. Cubbage,  58  Del.  430,  210  A. 2d  555 (Super. Ct. 1965)

… court should not define "religion." - Court cannot - or should not - undertake to define or rule on what is or what is not a religion. State v. Cubbage.  58  430  210  A.2d  555 (Super. Ct. 1965)

Mere inducement by individuals is not within prohibition on religious freedom. - Religious freedom is guaranteed to all citizens, and any legislation affecting that right is prohibited, but the mere inducement by individuals to adopt or to adhere to a particular religious belief is not a denial of religious freedom. The constitutional guarantees are limitations on the powers of the government, not on the rights of the governed. Delaware Trust Co. v. FitzMaurice,  27  Del. Ch. 101,  31 A.2d 383 (Ch. 1943), modified,  27  Del.  Ch. 374,  38 A.2d 463 (Sup. Ct. 1944), 298 Del.  Ch.503, 46 A.2d 888 (Sup. Ct.  1946)

The separation of church and state in Delaware goes back to 1776. The Declaration of Rights and Fundamental Rules of the Delaware State, enacted September 11, 1776, reads as follows:

SECT.  2. That all men have a natural and unalienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences and understandings; and that no man ought or of right can be compelled to attend any religious worship or maintain any ministry contrary to or against his own free will and consent, and that no authority can or ought to be vested in, or assumed by any power whatsoever that shall in any case interfere with, or in any manner controul the right of conscience in the free exercise or religious worship.

33. The Constitution of Connecticut

separates church and state

Article seventh  - OF RELIGION

Preface

It being the right of all men to worship the Supreme Being, the Great Creator and Preserver of the Universe, and to render that worship in a mode consistent with the dictates of their consciences, no person shall by law be compelled to join or support, nor be classed or associated with, any congregation, church or religious association.  No preference shall be given by law to any religious society or denomination in the state. Each shall have and enjoy the same and equal powers, rights and privileges, and may support and maintain the ministers or teachers of its society or denominations, and may build and repair houses for public worship.

One of the "Notes of Decisions" regarding Article  7 reads as follows:

In general

The law is absolutely impartial in matters of religion. McLaughlin v. McLaughlin (1957) 132  A.2d  420,  20  Conn. Sup.  278. 

All Christian religions stand in the same footing in the eyes of the law. Id.

These provisions are meant to secure an entire freedom in religious profession and worship and an entire exclusion by law of any preference to any sect or mode of worship; thus no man shall be prohibited from professing whatever religion or worshipping in any manner he pleases; nor shall there be any religious establishment, or approximation toward it, by any law giving any preference to any sect or mode of worship. Atwood v. Walton (1828) 7 Conn. 66.

In accordance with the constitutional separation of church and state, the restrictions of Connecticut state law regarding "who may practice medicine or surgery" exempt "any Christian Science practitioner who does not use or prescribe in his practice any drugs, poisons, chemicals, nostrums or surgery." However, the Preface to the state Constitution and the above-mentioned "note of decision" suggest that this exemption for Christian Science practitioners may be applicable to  practitioners of all religious denominations. If this were not true, the law would discriminate against practitioners of all other religions.

"No provision" of the Connecticut state law regarding  the "temporary practice" of nursing  "shall … prohibit nursing or care of the sick, with or without compensation or personal profit, in connection with the practice of the religious tenets of any church by adherence thereof, provided such persons shall not otherwise engage in the practice of nursing within the meaning of this chapter."

"No provision" of the restrictions of who may practice physical therapy

"shall … prohibit the care of the sick with or without compensation or personal profit in connection with the practice of the religious tenets of any church by adherents thereof, provided such persons shall not otherwise engage in the practice of physical therapy within the meaning of this chapter."

34. Court decisions on separation

of church and state

United States Supreme Court, 1943. West Virginia State Board of Education vs Barnette, 319 US 624. The decision reads in part as follows:

"If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion or other matters of opinion, or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein. If there is any circumstances which permit an exception, they do not occur to us."

United States District Court for the Eastern District of California. Universal Life Church, Inc., vs United States of America. Civil No. S-1964 Order. March 1, 1974. Judge James F. Battin's decision reads in part as follows:

"Neither this Court, nor any branch of this Government, will consider the merits or fallacies of a religion. Nor will the Court compare the beliefs, dogmas, and practices of a newly organized religion with those of an older, more established religion. Nor will the Court praise or condemn a religion, however excellent or fanatical or preposterous it may seem. Were the Court to do so, it would impinge upon the guarantees of the First Amendment."

Emerson v Board of Education, 330 US 203, 91 L. Ed. 711.  The decision reads in part as follows:

"The 'establishment of religion' of the First Amendment means at least this: Neither a state nor the federal government can set up a church. Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion over another. Neither can force or influence a person to go to or remain away from a church against his will or force him to express a belief or disbelief in any religion. No person can be punished for entertaining or professing religious beliefs or disbeliefs, for church attendance or non-attendance."

A recent U.S. Supreme Court decision has implications for certifying massage therapists and other bodyworkers by nongovernmental agencies. This decision "invalidated a Florida restriction on the use of nongovernmental certification credentials in business advertising." Two attorneys who were involved "concluded that the … case created 'established law' for the protection of private certification programs and titles against undue state interference."53

Fred M. Frohock's book Healing Powers. Alternative Medicine, Spiritual Healing Communities, and the State provides information about spiritual healing and the separation of church and state. It has useful information that healers should be aware of in order to protect both their clients and themselves. Parents who want their children to be treated with alternative modalities may also benefit from reading this book.45

35. The United Nations International Bill of Human Rights

 guarantees religious freedom

The United Nations protects freedom of religion and the right to practice and teach according to one's religious conscience.The International Bill of Human Rights, which includes  the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, guarantees freedom of religion, conscience and thought. Freedom of religion includes the right to practice and teach one's religion according to the dictates of one's conscience.

Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights reads as follows:

"Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance."

Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights says the same thing with only a few minor changes in phraseology:

"Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching."

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